The standard reference work on emergency applications
Recognised as the standard reference work on the subject, this work gives practical guidance on how all emergency applications should be made. For any family law crisis, Emergency Remedies in the Family Courts:
Written and edited by an unrivalled team of experts, definitive advice is provided on all aspects of the law, together with guidance on over 70 urgent applications, including:
Emergency Remedies in the Family Courts has a unique format comprising four parts:
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Her Honour Nazreen Pearce
His Honour Nigel Fricker QC
David Burrows Solicitor Advocate, Bristol
District Judge Susan Jackson Central London County Court and Nominated Judge of the Court of Protection
David Salter Joint National Head of Family Law, Mills & Reeve, Leeds, Manchester, Cambridge, Norwich, Birmingham and London
Maggie Silver Family Legal Services Manager, North & East Surrey Magistrates’ Court
District Judge Jonathan Whybrow Leicester County Court
This release contains updates to Divisions General
A (Applications under the Children Act 1989)
B (Wardship and the inherent jurisdiction)
D (Child abduction: registration and enforcement)
E (Personal protection and occupation of the family home)
F (Protection of family property)
G (Restriction of publicity)
H (Protection of the mentally and physically infirm)
J (Civil partnership)
K (Emergency contact details)
Since the last release changes brought about by the CPR 1998, Part 81 and the five practice directions to Part 52, make important changes in relation to enforcement proceedings and appeals respectively. The 1996 Hague Convention on Jurisdiction, Applicable Law, Recognition, Enforcement and Co-operation in Respect of Parental Responsibility and Measures for the Protection of Children came into force in the UK on 1 November. The Convention’s long title best describes the wide range of matters it covers, which includes not just the physical protection of children involved in cross-border disputes, but also the uniform rules for determining which state’s jurisdiction and law should be applied in issues relating to the attribution, exercise, restriction or extinction of parental responsibility, rights of custody and access, protection of children’s property, guardianship, supervision or placement in care or with foster parents. Its rules are automatically applicable and form part of domestic law. It thus affects the Children Act 1989, ss 4, 4A, 8 and 31 and child abduction, to which the Hague Convention 1980 and Brussels IIR apply. The Convention and Brussels IIR are supplemented by the Parental Responsibility and Measures for the Protection of Children (International Obligations) (England and Wales and Northern Ireland) Regulations 2010. The Convention will therefore have a major impact on practitioners whose caseload includes any child care cases involving Contracting States. As a result, you may need to be aware of the effect the Convention will have in such cases and be familiar with the text of the Convention itself.
This release covers the following developments:
"A very good tool for the busy family lawyer"
The courts exercising the family jurisdiction can only operate usefully if the lawyers and public who use them understand their procedures. The difference between an order which leads to an effective result and one which does not may depend, particularly in an emergency, upon making the correct application to the right court supported by the relevant information. All the courts, including those dealing with family law, are engaged in the process of streamlining the procedures with a view to saying delays in hearing cases, avoiding complexity and reducing unnecessary costs of litigation. Practitioners have to be well aware of the changes in the rules and practice directions of the courts.
The third edition of this invaluable book brings up to date the procedures of all the relevant family courts and continues to guide those using the book, step by step, by clear and easy to follow instructions. It is a must for all practitioners, whether their practice of family law is regular or infrequent.
The Right Hon Lady Justice Butler-Sloss DBE
The third edition of Emergency Remedies in the Family Courts, in loose-leaf form, is intended, like the previous editions, to meet the practical needs of family law practitioners. Among the helpful suggestions received from users and adopted in this edition is the change to loose-leaf. The continuing changes in family law and procedures, some by statute or rules of court and some evolutionary, make it difficult for courts and practitioners to keep up to date. Users of the book, including teachers of family law, have persuaded the authors and publishers that the book will be more useful if the latest developments are regularly incorporated.
The second edition of this book included a page headed ‘The Book and How to Use it’, which said ‘Experienced practitioners often guide a less experienced assistant or colleague by giving him or her a precedent to adapt and explaining the sequence of steps which need to be taken’. The Preface to the second edition said the book ‘is designed to enable a busy family law practitioner in private practice or employed by a local authority, easily to find a precedent for an emergency application to an appropriate court. Procedural guides facilitate pursuit of each application. Explanatory texts help to understand what can be achieved in an application and to justify what the practitoner seeks if he is questioned by the court. Best practice is the model’.
The goal of the third edition is to build on the strengths of the earlier editions, carrying forward the same practical approach.
The personal protection material (Division E) has been updated on the basis of the present law. The revisions for the new law and practice under the Family Law Act 1996 will be distributed in time for the commencement of Part IV of the Act, which is expected to be in October 1997.
The spectrum of experience of the team of authors is the source from which the book draws its strength and I thank each of them for their positive and committed contributions. My thanks are also due to David Burrows for providing the material for Appendix 1; Peter Harris, the Official Solicitor, for contributing Appendix 5; Ruth Few, Clerk of the Rules, Family Division, for helpful suggestions for improvements in ‘Procedure on appeal from magistrates’ in Division I; Mrs Melanie Perara for the application for displacement of nearest relative in Division H and to District Judge Roger Bird for reviewing some of the precedents.
E[16.94] Personal protection and occupation of the family home (Update 33)
The dangers of making an occupation order on a without notice basis are well illustrated by Chalmers v Johns  1 FLR 392, CA. In fact, the decision at first instance was made not without notice but on an interim basis after hearing both parties, but that only reinforces the point. The judge ordered the husband to leave the home within seven days pending a final hearing of a residence application which was listed
some seven weeks ahead. On appeal, Thorpe LJ, referring to ouster orders, commented that:
‘a string of authorities in this court emphasise the draconian nature of such an order and that it should be restricted to exceptional cases. I do not myself think that the wider statutory provisions contained in the Family Law Act 1996 obliterate that authority. The order remains draconian, particularly in the
perception of the respondent. It remains an order that overrides proprietary rights and it seems to me that it is an order that is only justified in exceptional circumstances.’
The judge had misdirected herself in not going through the process contained in FLA 1996, s 33(6) and (7), and had never focused on the alternative nature of these adjourning subsections. The husband’s appeal was allowed.
In Dolan v Corby  EWCA Civ 1664, however, the Court of Appeal, when dismissing an appeal by the respondent husband who had been excluded for six months from the home he had occupied with the applicant for 30 years, ruled that the exceptional circumstances of making an occupation order outlined in G v G and Chalmers v Johns were not confined to violent behaviour or the threat of violent behaviour. The important thing was for the judge to identify and weigh up all the relevant features. The judge’s decision to grant an occupation order was within the ambit of his discretion and sufficiently justified in the judgment.
Scope of the Work and How to Use it
Aim of the work
Experienced practitioners often guide a less experienced assistant or colleague by giving him or her a precedent to adapt and explaining the sequence of steps which need to be taken. When the practice and procedure is overhauled as under the FPR 2010 even the experienced need a helping hand. This publication aims to offer illustrative, fictional, precedents and procedural guides to demonstrate how to launch emergency applications under the new rules and practice directions using the appropriate prescribed forms and bring them to a satisfactory result, seeking remedies that are appropriate for the needs of the client. Further, the precedents, procedural guides and narrative explanations of law and practice give easy access to a practitioner, a judge or a magistrates’ clerk who needs quickly to check whether an application is proceeding in the right direction.
Structure of the illustrative precedents and procedural guides
Each set of precedents begins with a Key Page, which summarises the principal characteristics of an application and acts as an index to the set of precedents and the supporting narrative text. The procedural guide that follows summarises the sequence of steps to be taken, with references to the rules of court that apply.
Narrative texts of law and practice
The authors have sought to balance the need by practitioners for a book that affords explanation of most situations that are likely to arise in an emergency.
Throughout this publication, the gender used reflects the situation that occurs most commonly in practice. Unless the contrary appears, references to either the female or male gender are interchangeable.
The looseleaf arrangement of Emergency Remedies in the Family Courts enables the book to be kept regularly up to date by the removal and insertion of updating pages. These are supplied at least twice per year in the form of Updates. Each Update is accompanied by filing instructions, which should be followed carefully to ensure that your book is fully and correctly updated. At the end of the binder you will find a Filing Record, which should be completed each time an Update has been filed. A Checklist of Pages is sent with each Update, which should be used to check that your copy of Emergency Remedies in the Family Courts is complete and has been correctly updated. The Checklist should then be filed at the back of the binder.
Arrangement of the work
The material is divided into 11 Divisions, each separated by plastic divider cards, as follows:
Gen General introduction on procedure
A Applications under the Children Act 1989
B Wardship and the inherent jurisdiction
D Child abduction: registration and enforcement
E Personal protection and occupation of the family home
F Protection of family property
G Restriction of publicity
H Protection of the mentally and physically infirm
I Appeals including stay of execution, bail and judicial review
J Civil partnership
K Emergency contact details.
The applications that are dealt with in each Division are listed in full both in the main contents to the work and at the start of each Division.
The text is divided into numbered paragraphs. Cross-references to material in other Divisions are to paragraph numbers in those Divisions. For example, a reference to A[23.16] directs the reader to paragraph [23.16] in Division A. Where no letter appears, the reference is to a paragraph within the same Division.
Tables and index
The work contains tables of cases, statutes and statutory instruments. These are located behind the plastic divider card marked Tables.
A comprehensive index is included to facilitate easy access to the material in the book. This is to be found at the end of the binder.
Civil Procedure Rules 1998
The Civil Procedure Rules 1998 (CPR) were introduced on 26 April 1999. All civil proceedings are subject to these rules. ‘Family proceedings’, as defined by the rules (see below), are exempt from the CPR (CPR, r 2.1(2)) with the following exceptions:
(1) Costs rules under CPR Parts 43, 44, 47 and 48 apply to all family proceedings.
(2) CPR Part 52 (appeals to the Court of Appeal) applies to all family proceedings from 2 May 2000.
Rules in family proceedings
Subject to these exceptions, family proceedings are now covered by the FPR 2010 and the Practice Directions, which together provide a single procedural code, which applies to all levels of courts.
The Rules of the Supreme Court 1965 (RSC) (High Court) and the County Court Rules 1981 (CCR) (county courts), apply to family proceedings where they are specifically provided for in the FPR 2010 and where they are not inconsistent with the new rules.
Thus, for example, committal in the county court will still be covered by CCR Ord 29.
‘Family proceedings’: a definition
(1) Narrow definition
‘Family business’ is defined in the Matrimonial and Family Proceedings Act 1984, s 32 as ‘business of any description which in the High Court is for the time being assigned to the Family Division and to no other Division by or under section 61 of (and Schedule 1 to) the Senior Courts] Act 1981’ and family proceedings is defined as ‘proceedings which are family business’.
Senior Courts Act 1981, Sch 1 provides a narrow list of family proceedings, including matrimonial causes and various children proceedings.
(2) A wider definition
The table sets out the range of process, which come within the scope of the FPR 2010 and indicates those proceedings covered by the CPR and outside the narrow scope of the term ‘family proceedings’ as defined above.
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