Australia - Independent representation of children in Hague proceedings
The issues surrounding the independent legal representation of children in proceedings under the Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of Child Abduction (‘the Convention') in Australia has presented in a number of recent Australian cases. Judges of the Family Court and Federal Magistrate Court of Australia have discretion to appoint an Independent Children's Lawyer (ICL) under s 68L of the Family Law Act 1975 in appropriate parenting cases. However, in Hague cases, the discretion of the Family Court is limited to cases in which there are ‘exceptional circumstances'. Section 68L of the Family Law Act provides as follows:
 Family Law Act 1975, s68L.
Provides comprehensive coverage of the international elements of English family law