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H was made bankrupt on his own petition shortly after W had presented a divorce petition. W applied to annul the bankruptcy but abandoned it after an unsuccessful appeal to the Court of Appeal (see Arif v Zar  EWCA Civ 986;  BPIR 948). That left the court having to determine the extent of H's property interests, in the face of adverse claims of H's son and also the extent of an alleged debt to a third party. Norris J gave directions for the determination of the extent of the son's beneficial interest in the property and the extent to which H had actually paid off the third party's debt to be determined as preliminary issues in the Family Division, as these issues had to be decided before W could demonstrate that there was a surplus in H's bankruptcy estate against which an ancillary relief order could be made.
"This is the ultimate statement of where the law on IVAs is to be found in our great common law...