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"A very good tool for the busy family lawyer"
Recognised as the standard reference work on the subject, Emergency Remedies in the Family Courts gives practical guidance on how all emergency applications should be made and is available as an online or print subscription.
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For any family law crisis, Emergency Remedies in the Family Courts:
Written and edited by an unrivalled team of experts, definitive advice is provided on all aspects of the law, together with guidance on over 70 urgent applications, including:
Emergency Remedies in the Family Courts has a unique format comprising four parts:
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2014 Print Subscription Information
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Find out more about the scope of the work and how to use it
This release contains updates to Divisions General; A (Applications under the Children Act 1989); B (Wardship and the inherent jurisdiction); C (Adoption); D (Child abduction: registration and enforcement); E (Personal protection and occupation of the family home); F (Protection of family property); G (Restriction of publicity); H (Mental and physical infirmity); and Appendix A10 (Practice Guidance).
In addition to the general updating to reflect legislative changes and case-law in this issue the precedents in all the divisions have been overhauled to incorporate the new style of orders where possible in accordance with the President’s House Rules. While the style and content of the new orders may be revised following consultation, the precedents will provide practitioners with an immediate template as a guide to work from.
In addition, all divisions have been revised and updated to take into account the latest developments. The following additions made are of particular note:
A new section dealing with Legal Services Orders and costs allowances has been included in this issue and the General Division includes material on striking out a claim, litigation privilege and without prejudice and mediation immunity.
"A very good tool for the busy family lawyer"
The third edition of Emergency Remedies in the Family Courts, in loose-leaf form, is intended, like the previous editions, to meet the practical needs of family law practitioners. Among the helpful suggestions received from users and adopted in this edition is the change to loose-leaf. The continuing changes in family law and procedures, some by statute or rules of court and some evolutionary, make it difficult for courts and practitioners to keep up to date. Users of the book, including teachers of family law, have persuaded the authors and publishers that the book will be more useful if the latest developments are regularly incorporated.
The second edition of this book included a page headed ‘The Book and How to Use it’, which said ‘Experienced practitioners often guide a less experienced assistant or colleague by giving him or her a precedent to adapt and explaining the sequence of steps which need to be taken’. The Preface to the second edition said the book ‘is designed to enable a busy family law practitioner in private practice or employed by a local authority, easily to find a precedent for an emergency application to an appropriate court. Procedural guides facilitate pursuit of each application. Explanatory texts help to understand what can be achieved in an application and to justify what the practitoner seeks if he is questioned by the court. Best practice is the model’.
The goal of the third edition is to build on the strengths of the earlier editions, carrying forward the same practical approach.
The personal protection material (Division E) has been updated on the basis of the present law. The revisions for the new law and practice under the Family Law Act 1996 will be distributed in time for the commencement of Part IV of the Act, which is expected to be in October 1997.
The spectrum of experience of the team of authors is the source from which the book draws its strength and I thank each of them for their positive and committed contributions. My thanks are also due to David Burrows for providing the material for Appendix 1; Peter Harris, the Official Solicitor, for contributing Appendix 5; Ruth Few, Clerk of the Rules, Family Division, for helpful suggestions for improvements in ‘Procedure on appeal from magistrates’ in Division I; Mrs Melanie Perara for the application for displacement of nearest relative in Division H and to District Judge Roger Bird for reviewing some of the precedents.
The courts exercising the family jurisdiction can only operate usefully if the lawyers and public who use them understand their procedures. The difference between an order which leads to an effective result and one which does not may depend, particularly in an emergency, upon making the correct application to the right court supported by the relevant information. All the courts, including those dealing with family law, are engaged in the process of streamlining the procedures with a view to saying delays in hearing cases, avoiding complexity and reducing unnecessary costs of litigation. Practitioners have to be well aware of the changes in the rules and practice directions of the courts.
The third edition of this invaluable book brings up to date the procedures of all the relevant family courts and continues to guide those using the book, step by step, by clear and easy to follow instructions. It is a must for all practitioners, whether their practice of family law is regular or infrequent.
The Right Hon Lady Justice Butler-Sloss DBE
Her Honour Nasreen Pearce
His Honour Nigel Fricker QC
David Burrows Solicitor Advocate, Bristol
District Judge Susan Jackson Central London County Court and Nominated Judge of the Court of Protection
David Salter Joint National Head of Family Law, Mills & Reeve, Leeds, Manchester, Cambridge, Norwich, Birmingham and London
Maggie Silver Family Legal Services Manager, North & East Surrey Magistrates’ Court
District Judge Jonathan Whybrow Leicester County Court
E[16.94] Personal protection and occupation of the family home (Update 33)
The dangers of making an occupation order on a without notice basis are well illustrated by Chalmers v Johns  1 FLR 392, CA. In fact, the decision at first instance was made not without notice but on an interim basis after hearing both parties, but that only reinforces the point. The judge ordered the husband to leave the home within seven days pending a final hearing of a residence application which was listed
some seven weeks ahead. On appeal, Thorpe LJ, referring to ouster orders, commented that:
‘a string of authorities in this court emphasise the draconian nature of such an order and that it should be restricted to exceptional cases. I do not myself think that the wider statutory provisions contained in the Family Law Act 1996 obliterate that authority. The order remains draconian, particularly in the
perception of the respondent. It remains an order that overrides proprietary rights and it seems to me that it is an order that is only justified in exceptional circumstances.’
The judge had misdirected herself in not going through the process contained in FLA 1996, s 33(6) and (7), and had never focused on the alternative nature of these adjourning subsections. The husband’s appeal was allowed.
In Dolan v Corby  EWCA Civ 1664, however, the Court of Appeal, when dismissing an appeal by the respondent husband who had been excluded for six months from the home he had occupied with the applicant for 30 years, ruled that the exceptional circumstances of making an occupation order outlined in G v G and Chalmers v Johns were not confined to violent behaviour or the threat of violent behaviour. The important thing was for the judge to identify and weigh up all the relevant features. The judge’s decision to grant an occupation order was within the ambit of his discretion and sufficiently justified in the judgment.
Division E Personal protection and occupation of the family home > E[16.0] Law and Practice
Section 1: Introduction to Division E
Urgent remedies under Part IV of the Family Law Act 1996 and by injunctions against torts
Part IV of the Family Law Act 1996 (FLA 1996), implemented on 1 October 1997, provides a comprehensive code for applications for orders for personal protection from molestation by a member of the family or other 'associated person', and for occupation of a family home. The provisions relating to non-molestation orders and in particular the ability of the court to attach a power of arrest to such an order was substantially altered by the provisions of the Domestic Violence Crime and Victims Act 2004, which came into force on 1 July 2007. The result of these changes is that breach of a non-molestation order is now enforced through criminal proceedings in the magistrates' court and, as a result, the court no longer has the power to add a power of arrest to a non-molestation order. Applications may be brought either as 'free-standing' applications or ancillary within subsisting family proceedings. Division E deals primarily with emergency and urgent applications brought under the FLA 1996.
There remain cases of harassment and violence between persons who have or have had a personal relationship akin to a family relationship but who are not included in the class of associated persons eligible under the Act, and which may be remedied by injunctions made in actions founded in common law torts or the statutory tort of harassment under the Protection from Harassment Act 1997. Division E deals with torts at Applications E7 and E8 and in Section 4 of the Law and Practice at [16.48] .
[16.2] Domestic Violence Protection Notices and Orders to be piloted
From 30 June 2011, Domestic Violence Protection Orders (DVPOs) have been piloted for one year in three police force areas – West Mercia, Wiltshire and Greater Manchester Police. Victims have always been able to apply for civil remedies, which provide them with longer-term protection against domestic violence, but these can often take several days or weeks to apply for. The government is seeking to strengthen the protection available to victims by enabling the police to apply for a DVPO, which, if made by the magistrates' court, may prohibit the alleged perpetrator from contacting the victim or returning to the victim's address. These will initially last for 48 hours but can be extended for a minimum of 14 days and maximum of 28 days. The pilot is designed to protect victims in the short term and give them the breathing space to consider their next steps, including pursuing longer-term protection through a civil injunction application. For further information on the guidelines, consult the Guidance Document for Police Regional Pilot Schemes under ss 24–33 of the Crime and Security Act 2010 (June 2011–June 2012). The pilot closed on 30 June 2012 but the three police forces involved will continue to utilise the scheme while the pilot is evaluated.
[16.2A] Applications under Part IV of the Family Law Act 1996 may be 'free-standing' or made within family proceedings
Most applications for personal protection or regulation of occupation of the family home under the 1996 Act will be 'free-standing', but protection under the Act is also available on applications made within other family proceedings. In particular, sometimes an order under the powers in the FLA 1996 for protection of children is appropriate within proceedings under the Children Act 1989 (see Division A). The court may make a non-molestation order in other family proceedings whether or not a formal application has been made and, in appropriate cases, of its own motion (FLA 1996, s 42(2)).
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