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Emergency Remedies in the Family Courts


"A very good tool for the busy family lawyer"

Solicitors Journal

Recognised as the standard reference work on the subject, Emergency Remedies in the Family Courts gives practical guidance on how all emergency applications should be made and is available as an online or print subscription.

To arrange your FREE 14-day trial to the online service or to find out how a print or online subscription to Emergency Remedies in the Family Courts will benefit your day-to-day work call our account management team today on +44 (0)117 918 1555 or email them at trial@familylaw.co.uk.

For any family law crisis, Emergency Remedies in the Family Courts:

  • Identifies the appropriate remedy
  • Explains in step-by-step detail the requisite procedure
  • Provides model applications and pleadings
  • Clarifies the underlying law
Written and edited by an unrivalled team of experts, definitive advice is provided on all aspects of the law, together with guidance on over 70 urgent applications, including:

  • Application for non-molestation and/or occupation order under Family Law Act 1996, Part IV
  • Application for a freezing injunction, search orders and writ ne exeat regno
  • Authority to place a child in secure accommodation
  • Application for an emergency protection order
  • Application for authority under the inherent jurisdiction
  • Application for warrant of arrest under Family Law Act 1996, Pt IV, s 47(8)
  • Application for forced marriage protection orders
  • Application for judicial review
  • Urgent appeal against an order by magistrates for transfer of residence of a child
  • Application to extend or restrict publicity
  • Application in respect of mentally ill persons
  • Applications concerning domestic and international child abduction
  • The impact of the Hague Convention 1996 on the Protection of Children
  • Applications under TOLATA and MFP Act 1984 Part III
  • General introduction on procedure under the FPR 2010
Emergency Remedies in the Family Courts has a unique format comprising four parts:

  • Key Page - A quick reference guide to the appropriate application, who can apply and in which court the application must be made
  • Procedural Guide - Takes you step-by-step through each stage of an application and cross-refers you to the relevant rules of court
  • Precedents - Includes all documentation needed for each application
  • Law and Practice - These sections present unrivalled advice from a team of experts giving you a full understanding of the applicable law
The online version of this looseleaf is part of PracticePlus - Find out more

Print Subscription Information
£415.00 mainwork (includes mainland UK p&p, there is an additional charge for non-UK mainland p&p)
2 updates per year Annual subscription March - February
Annual renewal approx £320.00
  • Applications under the Children Act 1989
  • Wardship and the Inherent Jurisdiction
  • Adoption
  • Child Abduction: Registration and Enforcement
  • Personal Protection and Occupation of the Family Home
  • Protection of Family Property
  • Restriction of Publicity
  • Protection of the Mentally and Physically Infirm
  • Appeals Including Stay of Execution and Bail
  • Civil Partnership
  • Appendices
  • Emergency Contact Details
Find out more about the scope of the work and how to use it

Find out what is in the latest update
"A very good tool for the busy family lawyer"
Solicitors Journal
The third edition of Emergency Remedies in the Family Courts, in loose-leaf form, is intended, like the previous editions, to meet the practical needs of family law practitioners. Among the helpful suggestions received from users and adopted in this edition is the change to loose-leaf. The continuing changes in family law and procedures, some by statute or rules of court and some evolutionary, make it difficult for courts and practitioners to keep up to date. Users of the book, including teachers of family law, have persuaded the authors and publishers that the book will be more useful if the latest developments are regularly incorporated.

The second edition of this book included a page headed ‘The Book and How to Use it’, which said ‘Experienced practitioners often guide a less experienced assistant or colleague by giving him or her a precedent to adapt and explaining the sequence of steps which need to be taken’. The Preface to the second edition said the book ‘is designed to enable a busy family law practitioner in private practice or employed by a local authority, easily to find a precedent for an emergency application to an appropriate court. Procedural guides facilitate pursuit of each application. Explanatory texts help to understand what can be achieved in an application and to justify what the practitoner seeks if he is questioned by the court. Best practice is the model’.

The goal of the third edition is to build on the strengths of the earlier editions, carrying forward the same practical approach.

The personal protection material (Division E) has been updated on the basis of the present law. The revisions for the new law and practice under the Family Law Act 1996 will be distributed in time for the commencement of Part IV of the Act, which is expected to be in October 1997.

The spectrum of experience of the team of authors is the source from which the book draws its strength and I thank each of them for their positive and committed contributions. My thanks are also due to David Burrows for providing the material for Appendix 1; Peter Harris, the Official Solicitor, for contributing Appendix 5; Ruth Few, Clerk of the Rules, Family Division, for helpful suggestions for improvements in ‘Procedure on appeal from magistrates’ in Division I; Mrs Melanie Perara for the application for displacement of nearest relative in Division H and to District Judge Roger Bird for reviewing some of the precedents.

Nigel Fricker
July 1997
The courts exercising the family jurisdiction can only operate usefully if the lawyers and public who use them understand their procedures. The difference between an order which leads to an effective result and one which does not may depend, particularly in an emergency, upon making the correct application to the right court supported by the relevant information. All the courts, including those dealing with family law, are engaged in the process of streamlining the procedures with a view to saying delays in hearing cases, avoiding complexity and reducing unnecessary costs of litigation. Practitioners have to be well aware of the changes in the rules and practice directions of the courts.

The third edition of this invaluable book brings up to date the procedures of all the relevant family courts and continues to guide those using the book, step by step, by clear and easy to follow instructions. It is a must for all practitioners, whether their practice of family law is regular or infrequent.

The Right Hon Lady Justice Butler-Sloss DBE
January 1997
General Editor Her Honour Nasreen Pearce

Founding Editor
His Honour Nigel Fricker QC


David Burrows Solicitor Advocate, Bristol

District Judge Susan Jackson Central London County Court and Nominated Judge of the Court of Protection

David Salter Joint National Head of Family Law, Mills & Reeve, Leeds, Manchester, Cambridge, Norwich, Birmingham and London
Extract from Division E Personal protection and occupation of the family home


Urgent remedies under Part IV of the Family Law Act 1996 and by

injunctions against torts

Part IV of the Family Law Act 1996 (FLA 1996), implemented on 1 October 1997,
provides a comprehensive code for applications for orders for personal protection from
molestation by a member of the family or other ‘associated person’, and for occupation
of a family home. The provisions relating to non-molestation orders and in particular
the ability of the court to attach a power of arrest to such an order was substantially
altered by the provisions of the Domestic Violence Crime and Victims Act 2004, which
came into force on 1 July 2007. The result of these changes is that breach of a
non-molestation order is now enforced through criminal proceedings in the
magistrates’ court and, as a result, the court no longer has the power to add a power of
arrest to a non-molestation order. Applications may be brought either as
‘free-standing’ applications or ancillary within subsisting family proceedings. Division
E deals primarily with emergency and urgent applications brought under the FLA

There remain cases of harassment and violence between persons who have or have
had a personal relationship akin to a family relationship but who are not included in
the class of associated persons eligible under the Act, and which may be remedied by
injunctions made in actions founded in common law torts or the statutory tort of
harassment under the Protection from Harassment Act 1997. Division E deals with
torts at Applications E7 and E8 and in Section 4 of the Law and Practice at [16.48].

E[16.2A] Applications under Part IV of the Family Law Act 1996 may be

‘free-standing’ or made within family proceedings

Most applications for personal protection or regulation of occupation of the family
home under the 1996 Act will be ‘free-standing’, but protection under the Act is also
available on applications made within other family proceedings. In particular,
sometimes an order under the powers in the FLA 1996 for protection of children is
appropriate within proceedings under the Children Act 1989 (see Division A). The
court may make a non-molestation order in other family proceedings whether or not a
formal application has been made and, in appropriate cases, of its own motion (FLA
1996, s 42(2)).

E[16.3] New single Family Court jurisdiction

The Family Law Act 1996, Part IV, followed the approach of the Children Act 1989 in
creating, with small exceptions, a structure of unified remedies and procedures
available in the High Court, county courts and family proceedings courts. With effect
from 22 April 2014, s 17 of the Crime and Courts Act 2013 came into force creating a
single Family Court. The aim is to facilitate an exclusive forum for family cases. The
legislation and related regulations seeks to co locate the jurisdiction of the family
proceedings court, the county court and High Court as those powers relate to Children
Act cases but the intention is to incorporate the entire family jurisdiction in future.
Applications under FLA 1996 for protection from domestic abuse are included in the
new arrangements.

Scope of the Work and How to Use it

Aim of the work

Experienced practitioners often guide a less experienced assistant or colleague by giving him or her a precedent to adapt and explaining the sequence of steps which need to be taken. When the practice and procedure is overhauled as under the FPR 2010 even the experienced need a helping hand. This publication aims to offer illustrative, fictional, precedents and procedural guides to demonstrate how to launch emergency applications under the new rules and practice directions using the appropriate prescribed forms and bring them to a satisfactory result, seeking remedies that are appropriate for the needs of the client. Further, the precedents, procedural guides and narrative explanations of law and practice give easy access to a practitioner, a judge or a magistrates’ clerk who needs quickly to check whether an application is proceeding in the right direction.

Structure of the illustrative precedents and procedural guides

Each set of precedents begins with a Key Page, which summarises the principal characteristics of an application and acts as an index to the set of precedents and the supporting narrative text. The procedural guide that follows summarises the sequence of steps to be taken, with references to the rules of court that apply.

Narrative texts of law and practice

The authors have sought to balance the need by practitioners for a book that affords explanation of most situations that are likely to arise in an emergency.


Throughout this publication, the gender used reflects the situation that occurs most commonly in practice. Unless the contrary appears, references to either the female or male gender are interchangeable.

Looseleaf updating

The looseleaf arrangement of Emergency Remedies in the Family Courts enables the book to be kept regularly up to date by the removal and insertion of updating pages. These are supplied at least twice per year in the form of Updates. Each Update is accompanied by filing instructions, which should be followed carefully to ensure that your book is fully and correctly updated. At the end of the binder you will find a Filing Record, which should be completed each time an Update has been filed. A Checklist of Pages is sent with each Update, which should be used to check that your copy of Emergency Remedies in the Family Courts is complete and has been correctly updated. The Checklist should then be filed at the back of the binder.

Arrangement of the work

The material is divided into 11 Divisions, each separated by plastic divider cards, as follows:

Gen  General introduction on procedure
A  Applications under the Children Act 1989
B  Wardship and the inherent jurisdiction
C  Adoption
D  Child abduction: registration and enforcement
E  Personal protection and occupation of the family home
F  Protection of family property
G  Restriction of publicity
H  Protection of the mentally and physically infirm
I  Appeals including stay of execution, bail and judicial review
J  Civil partnership
K  Emergency contact details.

The applications that are dealt with in each Division are listed in full both in the main contents to the work and at the start of each Division.

Paragraph numbering

The text is divided into numbered paragraphs. Cross-references to material in other Divisions are to paragraph numbers in those Divisions. For example, a reference to A[23.16] directs the reader to paragraph [23.16] in Division A. Where no letter appears, the reference is to a paragraph within the same Division.

Tables and index

The work contains tables of cases, statutes and statutory instruments. These are located behind the plastic divider card marked Tables.
A comprehensive index is included to facilitate easy access to the material in the book. This is to be found at the end of the binder.

Subscription and editorial enquiries

Please address any queries relating to your subscription to Customer Services, Jordan Publishing Limited, 21 St Thomas Street, Bristol BS1 6JS. Tel 0117 918 1492, Fax 0117 925 0486. Requests for missing pages or notification of change of address should be made on the relevant page supplied at the back of the Binder.

Queries relating to the content of the work should be directed to The Commissioning Editor, Emergency Remedies in the Family Courts, at the above address.

Civil Procedure Rules 1998

The Civil Procedure Rules 1998 (CPR) were introduced on 26 April 1999. All civil proceedings are subject to these rules. ‘Family proceedings’, as defined by the rules (see below), are exempt from the CPR (CPR, r 2.1(2)) with the following exceptions:
(1)Costs rules under CPR Parts 43, 44, 47 and 48 apply to all family proceedings.
(2)CPR Part 52 (appeals to the Court of Appeal) applies to all family proceedings from 2 May 2000.

Rules in family proceedings

Subject to these exceptions, family proceedings are now covered by the FPR 2010 and the Practice Directions, which together provide a single procedural code, which applies to all levels of courts.

The Rules of the Supreme Court 1965 (RSC) (High Court) and the County Court Rules 1981 (CCR) (county courts), apply to family proceedings where they are specifically provided for in the FPR 2010 and where they are not inconsistent with the new rules.

Thus, for example, committal in the county court will still be covered by CCR Ord 29.

‘Family proceedings’: a definition

Narrow definition

‘Family business’ is defined in the Matrimonial and Family Proceedings Act 1984, s 32 as ‘business of any description which in the High Court is for the time being assigned to the Family Division and to no other Division by or under section 61 of (and Schedule 1 to) the Senior Courts] Act 1981’ and family proceedings is defined as ‘proceedings which are family business’.

Senior Courts Act 1981, Sch 1 provides a narrow list of family proceedings, including matrimonial causes and various children proceedings ...
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Update 38 (September 2014)

This release contains updates to Divisions General; A (Applications under the Children Act 1989); B (Wardship and the inherent jurisdiction); C (Adoption); D (Child abduction: registration and enforcement); E (Personal protection and occupation of the family home); F (Protection of family property); G (Restriction of publicity); H (Mental and physical infirmity); J (Civil partnership); Appendix 7 (Allocation Orders and Practice Directions); Appendix 9 (Family Proceedings Fees Order 2008); and Appendix 10 (Practice Guidance).

In addition to the general additions to reflect legislative changes and updating case-law, this issue refines the precedents introduced in the last issue to include any new guidance from the President and further amendments made to the original drafts.
Most importantly the divisions now include all the major procedural changes brought about by the amendments made to the Family Procedure Rules, the new provisions that now apply to the composition and distribution of cases brought about by the Family Court (Composition and Distribution) Rules 2014 and the Access to Justice 1999 (Destination of Appeals) (Family Proceedings) Order 2014. In particular:

  • In Division A – the far-reaching changes of practice and procedure in children law introduced on 22 April 2014 have been included in this release. The procedural guides have been updated to reflect these changes with the new style of form using the new terminology and warning notices included in the precedents. The Law and Practice section explains the operation of the Child Arrangements Programme, gatekeeping and distribution of business (formerly known as allocation) in detail. It deals with the sensitive issue of the appointment by a parent of a guardian and the implications of the Human Rights Act in public law cases.
  • In Division B – the procedural guides have been updated to reflect the procedure in the unified Family Court. The release specifically deals with: the inherent jurisdiction and vulnerable adults; the implications of Akthar v Ayub on courts’ powers relating to any proposed challenge against the decisions and powers of the Secretary of State of the Home Department and other government departments and pubic bodies. This division also includes the court’s powers in determining the very difficult issue of overruling the wishes of a Gillick-competent teenager: NHS Foundation v P [2014] EWHC 1650 and the issue of capacity in relation to children with regard to termination of pregnancy and self-harm as indicated in NHS Trust v A B C and CA [2014] EWHC 1445 (Fam). The issue of the impact of the Human Rights Act and the European Convention on children cases and the guidance given in Re DE (A Child) [2014] EWHC 6 are fully covered. Finally, transparency in the Family Court and restricting reporting of criminal proceedings are also covered.
  • Division D – given the rise in abduction and BIIR cases the arrangements made for international judicial cooperation are set out. Recent case-law on defences to a return order, especially in relation to the implications of the child’s expressed objections to return together with the approach and principles that apply in such cases, is covered. Also included are the implications of the trial judge seeing the child and their effect on the decision taken and the controversial issue of instructing an expert in abduction cases.
  • Division E – the section on committals now includes all the provisions of FPR 2010, r 37 including those relating to penal notices and warnings. It also includes: domestic violence protection notices and orders and the scheme’s application nationwide; the practice and procedure for applications to purge contempt. The forced marriage section covers the amendments made to Part IV of the Family Law Act 1996 by the Anti-Social Behaviour, Crime and Policing Act 2014 by the repeal of some of the sections of the 1996 Act; the criminalisation of breach of a forced marriage protection order and the provisions that now make it an offence to force another to enter into a marriage without their free and full consent.
  • Division F – this division contains a detailed commentary on all aspects of the guidance on without notice applications issued by Mostyn J with the approval of the President and all relevant case-law applying to interim remedies. It also includes enforcement provisions such as sequestration and new provisions relating to charging orders.
  • Division G – this division has been updated to include in detail restriction orders against the media and transparency in the Family Court practice and procedure.
  • Division H – this division contains further elaboration on the use of the inherent jurisdiction to protect those who are vulnerable and cases where neither the Mental Capacity Act 2005 nor the Mental Health Act 1983 apply.
  • Division I – this division sets out the appeal procedure in both family and civil cases dealing specifically with: FPR 2010, Pt 30; the route of appeals; the procedural steps to be taken by legal representatives where insufficient reasons are given by the trial judge for the decision taken or there is other procedural irregularity; the principles to be applied in applications for a stay of an order pending an appeal; application for extension of time and the consequences of raising unreasonable objections to an application for permission to appeal. Bail pending an appeal from a committal order and the implications of the Access to Justice Act 1999 (Destination of Appeals) (Family Proceedings) Order 2014 are also covered.

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