23 MAR 2015
London Borough of Brent v K  EWHC 658 (Fam)
(Family Division, Newton J, 18 February 2015)
Public law children – Collection order – Vulnerable young woman – Plans for placement and transportation
The full judgment is available below.
The judge gave guidance on the procedure for urgent collection orders in a case where a young girl had to wait over 7 hours at a police station while the local authority made arrangements for placement and transportation.
The girl, who was born in 1998, was vulnerable and in care. When the local authority became concerned that she was associating with a man known to the police for allegations of abusive sexual relationship an urgent application was made for a collection order.
The application was granted and the girl was located at 7.30. She was taken to the police station where officers sat with her while attempts were made to contact the local authority to arrange her collection. It wasn’t until 3.02am that she was collected.
The judge emphasized that when applications were made for urgent collection orders, firm and appropriate arrangements had to be in place while the child was located. It was unacceptable for an application to be granted and only then for inquiries to be made as to placement and transportation. Failure to do so amounted to an abuse upon an already vulnerable child who had a right to protection.
Neutral Citation Number:  EWHC 658 (Fam)
IN THE HIGH COURT OF JUSTICE
Royal Courts of Justice
Wednesday, 18th February 2015
MR. JUSTICE NEWTON
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
B E T W E E N:
LONDON BOROUGH OF BRENT
- and -
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Transcribed by BEVERLEY F. NUNNERY & CO. (a trading name of Opus 2 International Limited) Official Court Reporters and Audio Transcribers One Quality Court, Chancery Lane, London WC2A 1HR Tel: 020 7831 5627 Fax: 020 7831 7737 email@example.com
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
MR. G. BAIN (instructed by Legal Services) appeared on behalf of the Applicant
THE RESPONDENT did not attend and was not represented
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
J U D G M E N T
MR. JUSTICE NEWTON:
 The court is concerned with B, born in 1998. Her welfare is my paramount consideration. On 11th December 2014 the Local Authority sought and obtained an urgent collection. Upon execution the child was kept in police custody for several hours. This judgment will be placed on BAILII because it is an example of a difficulty which is inexcusable and which all authorities need to be aware of and prevent. I am particularly grateful to Mr Bain who has appeared today for the first time in the case, and has put the Authority's position as well as it can be. In these important applications it demonstrates the importance of an experienced advocate.
 B was placed in Local Authority care in 2005. A placement order was made in November 2006, very sadly a final adoptive home was not identified for her as had been the plan. B suffered an enormous personal tragedy in 2013 and, during the course of 2014, her behaviour became increasingly difficult. She frequently absconded, sometimes for extended periods. She associated with others who were potentially very harmful to her. She was, and is, at risk of child sexual exploitation. On occasions she self-harmed. On any view B was a very vulnerable person indeed, requiring help, support, guidance and protection.
 The Local Authority, having parental responsibility for her, were becoming increasingly anxious about her welfare. Not just because of her delicate, low and vulnerable state, but also because it appeared that she had fallen into a relationship with a man, well known to the police, at least, in a variety of circumstances, but particularly in relation to allegations of abusive sexual and physical relationships with young girls. She was, as I have said, a child who was at risk of child sexual exploitation. The authority had convened, in fact, their panel and had already decided that she was at risk of sexual exploitation.
 On 26th November 2014 B returned home to the foster carer, who noted that she had bruising to the upper part of her arm (the bruising had the appearance similar to 'grab marks'). The following day (27th November 2014) B left the foster home, returning only briefly on 8th December 2014 for a change of clothing.
 The Local Authority issued an urgent application for a collection order on 11th December 2014. I heard that urgent application on issue, it being immediately referred to a judge by the Clerk of the Rules and would not have granted the order had I not been satisfied that appropriate and protective arrangements for placement and transportation - that is to say an escort - were securely in place. That proved not to be the case.
 The difficulties that subsequently arose are far from unique. A similar example occurred last week before Hogg J when another child was held in police custody for several hours. The strong message must go to all authorities that what occurred in this case is totally unacceptable it has failed everyone, but principally B. It must not happen again.
 On 11th December 2014 I heard and granted the application in the afternoon. B was located at 7.30pm. It was not until 2.30am that someone attended the police station, and B did not leave the police station for onward transportation to the placement until 3.02am. What happened in those intervening hours is nothing short of disgraceful. The Local Borough of Brent was told at 19.58 that the order had been executed. The Duty Team responded half an hour later. When they did respond it as to say that no adequate arrangements were in place, either for placement or transport.
 The police, who self evidently ought to be dealing with other matters, had two response officers to sit with B, this vulnerable young person for several hours whilst the business of a busy police station continued around them. It hardly needs stating how inappropriate such an environment must have been for B. As a result of that, six extra officers were needlessly kept on overtime to cover their duties, at considerable expense. The police in this, as in other examples, in my experience discharged their responsibilities with enormous skill and care, not sadly reflected by the Local Authority.
 The police endeavoured to contact the emergency duty team in fact run by a different Authority, Harrow Social Services. The only information that was available to them were the details of the emergency duty team social worker, which, of course, the police already had, and who appeared to be quite unable to assist. The response was slow, she had received no arrangement details (because none existed), and seemed unable to put any in place. They refused to give details of anybody else in authority. The police were able eventually to speak to the emergency duty team social worker, but only after they had called her repeatedly. She refused to give them the number of anybody in authority and able to take any decision, and in fact it was only, as I understand it, late in the evening (at 23.50) that the police were eventually given the number and name of the operations director for social care (who had been involved since 21.50), there continued to appear to be a lack of urgency. As a result, in desperation, the police contacted the council call line which is in Liverpool; it is a national call line dealing with all manner of emergencies. They had no contact numbers for Brent. The individuals there were unfortunately unhelpful, and refused even to identify themselves. As a result, B continued to be held in police custody for over seven hours. She was extremely distressed. Whilst I could not fault the dedication and professionalism of the police, it is difficult to imagine a more unsuitable environment.
 Eventually an escort arrived at 2.30am. Inexplicably, the Tipstaff were not notified when B had been collected from custody, nor were they notified subsequently of the details of the placement.
 It must be clearly understood by all authorities that when they apply to the court for these important and urgent collection orders that firm and appropriate arrangements must be in place, and must be held in place whilst the child is located. It is simply not acceptable for an application to be granted, as it most usually is, by a Judge and only then for enquiries to be made as to (a) placement and (b) transportation. Failure to do so is a failure by the individuals concerned and by the Authority amounting to abuse upon an already vulnerable child who has a right to protection.
 What I say should not be thought to be an impediment on authorities making applications for such orders. They have parental responsibilities and clearly such orders must be urgently sought in order to protect vulnerable young people, but it is totally unacceptable for them to have to remain in police custody while some sort of plan is cobbled together and then put in place.
 I have on this occasion deliberately not named the social workers involved in this case. It is now apparent that details were available to the Emergency Duty Team, because no arrangements had been put in place. It is unacceptable, to say the least, that the information given to the court was either inaccurate or misleading, or that placements or transport arrangements were allowed to fall, leaving it to the emergency duty team to try to devise a plan for placement for B, which they were not apparently well placed to do. I have the gravest reservations that the emergency systems in this authority are not remotely suitable or fit for purpose.
 The purpose of this judgment is to make sure that the practical arrangements on which the order is based must be in place and durable. Authorities must ensure that they are properly represented by advocates who understand what is required, and are able to give the information that is required by the court, accurate information, that the placements and consequent transport arrangements are ones which are available now and will be retained until the child has been safely recovered.
 If this situation ever arises again each individual can expect to be publicly named and shamed. It is incumbent on Authorities to ensure that robust processes are in place. That leaves aside any issue that the child or children concerned may have in their own right in applications or actions against the authority for a lack of care. I make it clear that what has happened in this case demonstrates a lack of proper practice and responsibility and must be rectified.