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Provides comprehensive coverage of the international elements of English family law
'The concept of “habitual residence”…must be interpreted as meaning that such residence corresponds to the place which reflects some degree of integration by the child in a social and family environment. To that end, where the situation concerned is that of an infant who has been staying with her mother for only a few days in a member state – other than that of her habitual residence – to which she has been removed, the factors which must be taken into consideration include, first the duration, regularity, conditions and reasons for the stay in the territory of that member state and for the mother’s move to that state and second, with particular reference to the child’s age, the mother’s geographic and family origins and the family and social connections which the mother and child have with that member state.' (para )Baroness Hale rejected any suggestion that for residence to be habitual there has to be permanence. The French word used was 'stabilite'. Baroness Hale referred to factual and individual inquiry when determining habitual residence, focusing on the social and family environment of the person upon whom the child is dependent.