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Family Law

The leading authority on all aspects of family law

Court of Protection Practice and Procedure Conference 2016

A comprehensive guide to best practice and current thinking

27 MAY 2015

Divorce centres: the South East – Bury your marriage?

Tony Roe

Collaborative lawyer & Family law arbitrator


Divorce centres: the South East – Bury your marriage?
‘How will the new Bury St Edmunds Divorce Centre affect family law practice in the South East?’ That was the title of a question and answer session on the new divorce centre.

Her Honour Judge Lynn Roberts (Circuit Judge with responsibility for the divorce centre for London and the South East) and John Miller, HMCTS project leader, were panel members along with His Honour Judge Martin O’Dwyer, head of the Financial Remedies Unit. Chair of London Region Resolution, Margaret Heathcote presided over the session, held at Charles Russell Speechlys on 26 May.

Her Honour Judge Roberts recognised that the creation of the new hub at Bury St Edmunds, (BSE for short?) had created a certain amount of anxiety amongst practitioners. She mentioned that the hub had been termed, “Bury your marriage” by some.

Family law solicitor and arbitrator, Tony Roe, who made a series of FoI requests of the HMCTS, and whose research broke the news that Bury St Edmunds would be the single divorce centre for the London & the South East said:

'For the first time HMCTS has begun to engage in a face-to-face dialogue with family law solicitors generally. This is to be welcomed. The scale of the task should not be underestimated. HMCTS says that the new hub at Bury St Edmunds will eventually deal with just over 40% of work in England & Wales and accepts that this will be ambitious.

HMCTS hopes for economies of scale, not to mention a better service. Indeed, the Service said that there was a backlog of 600 petitions in Brighton and Guildford going back three months and it was decided to transfer the work of those courts to Bury St Edmunds now.

Transfer of work from London was planned for June but is not likely to occur until July.

HMCTS has quoted an alarming 40% of petitions which have to be returned for correction to solicitors’ firms owing to errors in drafting or procedure, for example, failure to enclose issue fees, lack of signature or missing/incorrect details. It will pay practitioners to check and have someone else double check, all petitions they plan to file.

What is clear is that the new legal advisers, who will adopt some of the functions previously carried out by district judges, must not form a judgment on the facts relied on within petitions. HMCTS assures us that family law solicitors will not be turned away from any family court if they have an urgent petition or application. It says that the solicitor submitting the need for urgency will be trusted. Let’s hope that this happens, especially where there is little or no counter service available.

The Law Society is running a series of three seminars on the centralisation of divorce courts in London, on 18 June and then Birmingham and Manchester':  http://communities.lawsociety.org.uk/family/events/family-section-events/divorce-centres-what-do-you-need-to-know-london-manchester-and-birmingham/5048388.fullarticle
Below is set out the handout provided to attendees at the event by HMCTS.

London and South East Divorce Centre – Information

Bury St Edmunds Divorce Centre, will issue broadly 40,000 divorce petitions per year. The guiding principle is that only cases that require a hearing will be transferred to the parties’ preferred court.

Our aim is for all work to be processed on the day of receipt or within 48 hours at the latest. This is a challenging ideal but is achievable once the Centre is fully staffed and operational. We therefore anticipate achieving this service level from October 2015.

Legal Advisers will work at the Centre and will be responsible for deciding if petitions should be listed for pronouncement or for giving directions on the way forward if they consider that pronouncement is not appropriate at that time. District Judges will give directions in contested cases and will consider consented financial remedy applications. District Judges are also currently responsible for considering service related applications (i.e. applications for bailiff service, deemed service or to dispense with service).


The Centre will issue all divorce petitions with the exception of urgent matters, which can still be issued from local courts. Most undefended divorce work will be retained at the Centre. Any defended proceedings or undefended cases requiring a hearing will be transferred to the parties’ preferred court. Cases where parties wish to attend pronouncement to dispute costs or to attend for any other reason will be transferred to their preferred court for pronouncement.

Urgent Petitions
Provision has been made for the current divorce courts to issue urgent petitions, and national guidance is being developed that will define “urgent” work. Obvious examples are section 37 related cases and those cases where it is imperative that jurisdiction is established speedily (i.e. divorce race). There will be other matters that parties consider to be urgent, and the Family Procedure Rules Committee are considering amendments to the Petition application form so that urgency (and a preferred location for any hearings) can be expressed in writing. Local courts will continue to process work that Applicants consider to be urgent in the meantime.

Financial Remedy Applications

Consent Applications

District Judges sitting at the Divorce Centre will review all consented financial remedy applications. They will approve many applications (possibly subject to clarification of the agreement) and will transfer any that they consider require further consideration by judges at courts local to the parties or applications that they consider require an attendance.

Contested Cases

The Divorce Centre will issue applications, serve documents and fix directions appointments at the Applicant’s preferred court.

The Central Family Court

Provision is being made for complex financial matters to be issued directly with the Central Family Court, where special arrangements are being put in place, meaning that parties will have the option of issuing appropriate cases directly with the court, subject to certifying complexity.

Movement of Work to the Divorce Centre

Work is being transferred from the 45 divorce courts in London and the South East to the Divorce Centre on a phased basis. By October 2015 all undefended Divorce work, with the exception of urgent matters will be processed through the Divorce Centre.
As of 25 May, the work of 28 South East courts has transferred to the Divorce Centre, these courts are:
Bedfordshire & Hertfordshire Cambridgeshire & Essex Kent Norfolk & Suffolk Surrey & Sussex
Bedford Cambridge Canterbury Bury Brighton
Hertford Chelmsford Dartford Ipswich Chichester
Luton Colchester Maidstone Kings Lynn Eastbourne
Peterborough Medway Norwich Guildford
Southend Thanet Hastings
Tunbridge Wells Horsham
Communications are being issued to parties broadly two-weeks prior to work transferring. This notice period is designed to avoid spikes in workload i.e. to ensure a smooth flow of work into the Divorce Centre. We currently anticipate that the Divorce Centre will start to process work from the London courts from July.

Issues Arising

Errors in Petitions
The movement of work from courts to Divorce Centres has highlighted significant issues with errors in the completion of applications for divorce petitions; nationally, broadly 40% of petitions have to be returned for correction. Adoption of the attached checklist is being considered, practitioners may find it helpful to use it as a guide in the meantime.

Cases Issued in County Courts. The Divorce Centre is receiving process in cases that were issued before work from courts transferred. Practitioners should send any process and correspondence to the court that issued the petition in the first instance.

Royal Mail Document Exchange
Bury St Edmunds Divorce Centre Bury St Edmunds Divorce Centre
2 nd Floor, Triton House
DX 97640
St Andrew’s Street North Bury St Edmunds
Bury St Edmunds
Suffolk IP33 1TR
email: divorceunitbse@hmcts.gsi.gov.uk 

Telephone: 0344 892 4000

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