Our website is set to allow the use of cookies. For more information and to change settings click here. If you are happy with cookies please click "Continue" or simply continue browsing. Continue.

Employment Law

Legal guidance - compliance - software

16 APR 2013

X v Mid Sussex Citizens Advice Bureau and another [2012] UKSC 59, [2013] IRLR 146; (2013) EMPLR 016

Employee - definition - volunteer

12 December 2012

Supreme Court

Lords Neuberger, Walker, Mance, Wilson and Lady Hale

A volunteer is not an employee for the purposes of discrimination legislation.

A volunteer for a Citizens Advice Bureau (CAB) complained that she had been discriminated against on grounds of disability. The documentation between her and the CAB clearly showed that there was no intention to create a legally binding contract. So she was not an employee under UK law - the definition of employee being someone who works under a contract of employment or a contract to provide work or labour other than as a client.

But the EU directive behind the UK's legislation refers to ‘occupation and employment' - not just employment. The appellant argued that ‘occupation' covered voluntary work. The Supreme Court examined the history of the various EC directives and other language versions of the equality directives and concluded that the term ‘occupation' did not cover voluntary activities.

To view the case transcript, you must subscribe to Jordans Employment Law Online (if you already subscribe click here to log in).

To request a free trial click here and select Jordans Employment Law online from the drop down menu

Law of Termination of Employment, The

Authoritative analysis of the rules governing termination of employment provides coverage of the...

More Info from £99.00
EU & International Employment Law

EU & International Employment Law

"A very welcome addition to the very limited range of material available on domestic employment...

More Info £1,272.00
Available in Employment Law Online
Subscribe to our newsletters